Definitions of linguistic features

Traditionally five levels are recognised: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics.

Linguistic features and functions

Contrast surface structure. The term is also used in lexicology to refer to the determining section of a compound; in family tree, the element tree is head and family is modifier. This field is particularly concerned with etymology and with the general historical value of the information which names offer the linguist. This is a phenomenon found among bilinguals who feel it is appropriate to change languages or dialects in some cases — perhaps to say something which can only be said in the language switched to. English pronouns also have the number feature, which can have a value of either "singular" or "plural". There is nothing inherently superior about a standard although nearly all speakers of a community accept that it has highest prestige. The sun is shining contains the proposition that 'the celestial body at the centre of the solar system is casting its light directly on the surface of the earth' and in any given situation this statement is either true or false. This has become a discipline in its own right since the pioneering work of Austin in the early 's.

Other languages, such as Chinese or Vietnamese, are very clearly analytic and approach a relationship of one word per morpheme. Each feature is a quality or characteristic of the natural class, such as voice or manner.

An example would be the group of obstruents stops and fricatives as only these are affected by final devoicing in German. In an analytic language like English prepositions play a central role in the grammar.

linguistic features in writing

The term is used in German to refer to grammatical features as well. The lexical meaning of table is 'a piece of furniture with a horizontal surface designed to be sat at'.

Equally all sentences consist of structures from a small set with different words occupying different points in the structures allowing for virtually unlimited variety. Two major points in this connection should be noted: 1 'dialect' does not refer to the social or temporal aspect of language and 2 the term 'dialect' makes no reference to the standard variety of a language.

types of linguistics

It contrasts with the more recent view that change can proceed word by word through the lexicon see Lexical Diffusion. A phoneme can have different allophones, frequently depending on position in the word or on a preceding vowel, e.

linguistic features in literature
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Feature (linguistics)