Forensics and ethics

Controversial issues in forensic science

In this type of proof, the court also wants to know how evidence was obtained. On the other hand, if the accused has been convicted, his profile is retained in the database. Unethical issues include making insufficient or indiscriminate analysis, and analysis to fit the written law. The examiner is advised to prepare thoroughly for either type of testimony in a computer forensics case. Corresponding author. Improper conduct in the field of forensic science includes continued abuse of alcohol or drugs, criminal convictions for dishonesty or violence, defamation of professional colleagues etc. Therefore, some important areas in computer forensics must be identified where ethical and moral codes should be followed… see issue 5 for the rest of this article - subscribe now! Department of Justice, due to the dramatic increase in computer-related crimes, provides systematic guidance that can assist forensic examiners in collecting electronic evidence in criminal investigations. In his treatise on general psychotherapy, Jasper differentiated between the objective and subjective phenomena; he identified the objective as ay trained observer where they are perceived by our senses whereas the subjective cannot be perceived by sense organs. Professional Vs personal ethics Forensic science is the interface of science and law where principles of science are used for legal purposes. Stored Communications Act, 18 U.

They work to assure that the services of the practitioner are accredited to high standards, and trustworthy. There are two primary sources of these laws governing electronic evidence, the Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution and the Statutory Privacy Laws.

ethical dilemmas in forensic science answers

Multiple relationships It is defined as being in a professional role with a person and at the same time in another with the same person or a closely associated person or promising to enter into another relationship with a person or a closely related person Shapiro By Josh Markarian October 22, 0 Digital Forensics As a practice and a profession, digital forensics consists essentially of the investigation of criminal activities committed with computers and other digital devices.

They have responsibilities towards the public, therefore, their examinations and analyses must be accountable and objective Murdock and Holmes Delegating work to others Legally known as Vicarious Liability, is the concept of supervision, where the supervisor is responsible for the work of those under his supervision.

ethical issues in forensic psychology

However, with respect to computer forensics, the definition provided by the digital world looks more relevant as it not only covers ethical and moral issues but digital issues as well. Like every other profession, computer forensic investigations must also be conducted under an ethical framework.

The only possible restraint upon professional misconduct of a forensic scientist is through membership of such a craft organization Knight The psychologist in question was ordered by the court to provide treatment to a child who was sexually abused and to provide periodic reports to the court regarding the same case.

Forensics and ethics

Ethical dilemmas associated with the interpretation of analytical data and presentation of testimony in a court of law may include bias on the part of forensic scientists, use of scientific jargons, use of confusing or deceptive testimonies, excessive equivocacy, and advocacy. It is objective to include literature in reports which support, as well as contradicts our conclusions in order to use the explanatory framework that is widely accepted by the scientific community. Like every other profession, computer forensic investigations must also be conducted under an ethical framework. Results and conclusions offered by forensic scientists must be explicit and clear. In the UK, the profiles of all the accused of recordable crimes that include offenses for which there is a jail term if convicted, are recorded in the database. They must not forget that objectivity is their main attribute and that they must examine all the angles before reaching conclusion. Exploitation A forensic psychologist must not exploit those whom one supervises or in which an authority role exists, such as clients, patients, students, supervisees, research participants and employees to further political or business interests, or the best interests of the research participants, students or employees. Forensic methodology It is the duty of the forensic practitioner that he must not withhold, distort or modify any relevant information, misinterpret the available evidence, and attempt to avoid or deny the contrary evidence. Different countries have different criteria to whose DNA sample must be obtained. The evidence should be examined and analyzed thoroughly. However, it is equally important to provide guidelines that assure forensic specialists engaged in discovery and analysis of questionable digital events o not themselves behave unethically in their pursuit of evidence. Since the interface between science and criminal justice system is filled by forensic scientists, therefore, many owe allegiance to other professional bodies. The code expresses the values and principles that guide the mission of the organization and its practitioners. Unethical behavior goes beyond deliberately obfuscating pertinent information so that incriminating evidence is either hidden from judgment or made far more condemning than it actually is. There persists an arbitrary distinction between ethics and morals which enables them to avoid many ethical dilemmas.

However, in this case, the intervention of examination must be clearly stated and explained to the individual Shapiro Provision 3.

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Ethical issues confronting digital forensics practitioners