History of public administration
History of public administration
He saw that the workings of government could be improved by analyzing it through an industrial lens. Moses During the exodus from Egypt Moses followed the recommendation of Jethro, his father-in-law, that he delegate authority over the tribes of Israel along hierarchical lines. After the degree course, candidates for the higher civil service spent a further period of supervised practical training in various branches of the administration, at the end of which they underwent a further oral and written examination. Here it has come closer to political science again and also has incorporated many management principles to help public administration cope up with the dynamics of its discipline and conduct. What appears above is, by no means, all you need to know; it is merely a starting place. The executives managing the HR director and other key departmental personnel are also part of the public administration system. February Learn how and when to remove this template message Antiquity to the 19th century[ edit ] Dating back to Antiquity, Pharaohs, kings and emperors have required pages, treasurers, and tax collectors to administer the practical business of government. Public Administration experienced a kind of heyday due to the successful war effort and successful post war reconstruction in Western Europe and Japan. This study looks at how environment effects productivity. At this time the U. Scholars of the history of public administration usually, but not always, base their research on written texts such as archive material and various printed sources.
In medieval times, the abilities to read and write, add and subtract were as dominated by the educated elite as public employment. It is centrally involved in change and transformation of society.
This led to a spurt in the interest of its studies in various American as well as universities around the globe and reforms were made in government and thus scholars were attracted to public administration with a new vigor. Apart from justice and treasury departments, which originated in old court offices, modern ministerial structures in Europe developed out of the royal councilswhich were powerful bodies of nobles appointed by the monarch.
Mouton Proposed that every leader could be categorized in terms of two variables: concern for task and concern for people. The distribution of functions among secretaries was initially based upon geography. In the s and s, government itself came under fire as ineffective, inefficient, and largely a wasted effort.
Taylor's technique was later introduced to private industrialists, and later into the various government organizations Jeong, Similar Topics. With the 13th century a separation began between the purely domestic functions of the royal household and the functions connected with governing the state.
Later on, the human factor became a predominant concern and emphasis in the study of public administration.
According to Simon if administrative behaviour in an organisational setting has to be anaysed then that can only be done by studying the decisions taken by the administrators. Emerging changes in bureaucratic pattern and behaviour: It emphasis upon formal structure, hierarchy and efficiency.
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