On the immorality of passive euthanasia philosophy essay

He thought that if he could not go on living as Cato, he could not go on living at all. In Summa Theologica, Thomas Aquinas gives three arguments against the permissibility of suicide.

On the immorality of passive euthanasia philosophy essay

In response Kant says self-preservation is our highest duty to ourselves and we may treat our body as we please, so long as our actions arise from motives of self-preservation.

The reason for claiming only that this is morally permissible rather than morally obligatory will be explained in a subsequent paragraph.

euthanasia essay pdf

It is these twin values that should guide medical care, not the preservation of life at all costs, or the preservation of life without regard to whether patients want their lives prolonged should they judge that life is no longer of benefit or value to them.

English statesman Thomas More — describes in his book Utopia an imaginary country which has unusual and sometimes radical social practices.

Is euthanasia morally acceptable

Freedom thus conditioned is noble. Why should those who support the legalization of voluntary euthanasia, because they value the autonomy of the individual, find it psychologically easier, in consequence, to endorse the killing of those who are not able competently to request assistance with dying? But we can go further. For those who prefer to die on their own terms and in their own time, neither option may be attractive. Further, if my continued existence is a burden on society, then suicide is not only permissible, but commendable. And were it of ever so great importance, the order of nature has actually submitted it to human prudence, and reduced us to a necessity in every incident of determining concerning it. It is a kind of blasphemy to imagine that any created being can disturb the order of the world or invade the business of providence! Unless a patient is able to be transferred to the care of other medical professionals who accept her assessment, she will have to rely on her own resources e.

Nevertheless, as we have seen, there are other circumstances in which it is highly stilted to claim, as some doctors continue to do, that they had no intention of bringing about death.

These considerations should settle matters but do not do so for those who maintain that killing, in medical contexts, is always morally unjustified — a premise that underwrites much of the debate surrounding this fourth objection.

Hence by killing himself he injures the community, as the Philosopher [Aristotle] declares Ethic.

Ethical issues of euthanasia essay

Griffiths, J. Slippery slope arguments come in various versions. There are many circumstances under which life ought to be sacrificed. It is these twin values that should guide medical care, not the preservation of life at all costs, or the preservation of life without regard to whether patients want their lives prolonged should they judge that life is no longer of benefit or value to them. Indeed, the fact that suicide and attempted suicide are no longer criminal offences in many jurisdictions indicates that the central importance of individual self-determination in a closely analogous context has been accepted. There will be occasion to mention non-voluntary euthanasia — instances of euthanasia where a person lacks the competence at the time when a decision is to be made to request euthanasia and has not previously competently declared a preference for it via an advance directive see the entry on advance directives — only when consideration is given to the claim that permitting voluntary euthanasia will lead via a slippery slope to permitting non-voluntary euthanasia. Again, it is said many have killed themselves to prevent an enemy doing so. That there have only been a handful of prosecutions of Dutch doctors for failing to follow agreed procedures Griffiths, et al. Nature still continues her progress and operation; and if general laws be ever broke by particular volitions of the Deity, it is after a manner which entirely escapes human observation. It would be no crime in me to divert the Nile or Danube from its course, were I able to effect such purposes. After all, while competent patients are entitled to refuse any form of medical treatment, they are not entitled to insist on the administration of forms of medical treatment that have no prospect of conferring a medical benefit or are not being provided for reasons to do with scarcity of medical resources or affordability.

In Canada, the province of Quebec introduced legislation permitting medical aid in dying in If they are right, that simply points up the importance of individuals being able to decide autonomously for themselves whether their own lives retain sufficient quality and dignity to make life worth living.

Nature still continues her progress and operation; and if general laws be ever broke by particular volitions of the Deity, it is after a manner which entirely escapes human observation.

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Euthanasia (The Practice of Morality)