It should contain enough information to enable the reader to understand what was done, and how. Results Our results showed a trivial effect of expertise surgeons generally performed better than novices.
In other words, what is it that you set out to investigate in your analysis or review. For an abstract of a meta-analysis or literature review: Describe the problem of interest. Results also revealed that experts have adaptive transfer capacities and are able to transfer their skills independently of the human-machine system.
An informative abstract includes the information that can be found in a descriptive abstract [purpose, methods, scope] but it also includes the results and conclusions of the research and the recommendations of the author.
Typically, an abstract for an IMRaD paper or presentation is one or two paragraphs long — words.
Older adults? Note that statistical findings should be reported parenthetically [i. If you are writing the abstract for a class, you might want to check with your instructor to see if he or she has a specific word count in mind.
Structure and Writing Style I. Key words or phrases are used by Internet search engines to locate the paper.
For example, you might state that "In this study, undergraduate student participants were randomly assigned to [the experimental condition] or [the control condition].