Rather than subjecting actual events - say, the Rape of Nanking - to historical analysis, the subject of historiography is the history of the history of the event: the way it has been written, the sometimes conflicting objectives pursued by those writing on it over time, and the way in which such factors shape our understanding of the actual event at stake, and of the nature of history itself.
Given a dozen historiographical essays, one might find as many approaches. A bibliographical essay, often found in monographs, examines a large number of works linked to a topic that often are loosely tied to each other.
Try to choose a topic that interests you- it will make the reading and writing easier. In final conclusion you might articulate in brief the insights you have gained into the event or issue at stake, the sources you have used, and the nature of history itself.
We might also be skeptical of Entenmann's generous appraisal of Japanese textbooks: on its role in World War II, Japan's high school textbooks in particular are subject to constant revision, much of it aimed at mitigating the government's role in wartime atrocities, as a New York Times article reminds us Onishi There are two easy ways to find them: History Compass is an online journal that publishes historiographic essays.
In The Nanjing Massacre in History and Historiography, an anthology generally sympathetic to Chang's project if not to her methodologyGeorge Washington University history and international affairs professor Daqing Yang, himself a native of Nanking, notes that "such a comparison [as Chang's] is methodologically sterile" and "morally misguided" Yang Still a little unsure of what a historiography is?
Fourth, students become acquainted with how historians use evidence and archives as well as how they develop innovative theses. The enduring controversy surrounding the event, however, and the specific criticism against Chang from even those who support her premise, point both to the endlessly debatable nature of history, and to the need for a more rigorous, analytical approach in its telling.
Historiography Basics What is Historiography? Alternatively, you may brainstorm a topic from scratch.
Look to see if the article is frequently cited by other authors writing about a similar subject.